Rev. Peter Jones (Kahkewāquonāby)
Salted paper print
Image: 8 x 5 7/8 in.
Mount: 16 15/16 x 14 in.
Amon Carter Museum of American Art, Fort Worth, Texas
Peter Jones, also known as Kahkewāquonāby, spent the first 14 years of his life with his Mississauga Ojibwe mother, and then moved to live among Canadian settlers with his Euro-American father and Mohawk stepmother. After converting to Methodism at 21, he became an important leader, preacher, translator, and fundraiser. Elected a Mississauga chief in 1829, Jones spent decades ensuring the future of his people, whose population and land had dwindled precipitously. In many ways he was successful, establishing the Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation on land they still inhabit, but he was and remains a controversial figure among Ojibwe for his promotion of Christianity and European values.
Jones often toured Europe to fundraise for the Canadian Methodists and drew huge crowds, although he resented being treated as an exotic curiosity instead of a fellow Christian. Images, including this one, of him taken in Edinburgh on his 1845 trip are the oldest surviving photographs of an Indigenous North American.
—Text taken from the Carter Handbook (2023).