Amon Carter print details

Going in to Trade

Buffalo Meat (1847-1917)

Object Details

  • Date


  • Object Type


  • Medium

    Colored pencil, graphite, and ink on paper

  • Object Format


  • Dimensions

    8 3/4 x 11 1/4 in.

  • Inscriptions


    u.l. inscribed in red pencil: Buffalo Meat

    l.c. in graphite: Going in to Trade-

  • Credit Line

    Amon Carter Museum of American Art, Fort Worth, Texas

  • Accession Number


  • Copyright

    Public domain

Object Description

In 1875 Buffalo Meat, a young Southern Cheyenne man, was arrested and transferred to Fort Marion in St. Augustine, Florida, where he was imprisoned alongside roughly 40 Arapaho, Cheyenne, Comanche, Kiowa, and other Native Americans who had been detained following altercations with army soldiers in Oklahoma Territory. At the fort, Buffalo Meat and his fellow prisoners were encouraged to make autobiographical drawings on sheets of repurposed ledger paper. This experimental project was initiated by prison commander Captain Richard Henry Pratt, an early proponent of off-reservation boarding schools, a coercive educational system that attempted to assimilate Indigenous peoples into White society and culture.

Buffalo Meat and his companions produced scores of drawings at Fort Marion, many of which they sold to curious visitors. Although created in repressive conditions, ledger drawings afforded a space for imprisoned men to portray scenes that asserted their status within their own communities—a form of cultural self-preservation that resisted Pratt’s assimilationist aims.

—Text taken from the Carter Handbook (2023).

Additional details

Location: Off view
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Educator Resources
  • Grades 4–8

    Who Paints Your Story? Indigenous Depictions in Art (monthly special; available year-round by request)

    Take a closer look at depictions of Indigenous communities in American art and introduce students to contemporary Indigenous artists from the Carter collection. Students will examine icons and stereotypes, the importance of representation, and the reclamation of culture.

    Learn more and register by visiting Connect2Texas and filter for “Amon Carter Museum of American Art.” If you have questions, contact us by email or call 817.989.5011.

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