This past Monday marked the 50th anniversary of the Greensboro sit-ins and the opening of the new International Civil Rights Center & Museum at the site of the sit-ins, a former Woolworth’s in downtown Greensboro.
The Greensboro sit-ins quickly launched similar non-violent protests across North Carolina and a number of student civil rights groups, including the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee. SNCC, whose first leader was future Washington D.C. mayor Marion Berry, organized voter registration drives all over the rural South and played an important role in the 1963 March on Washington, where Martin Luther King Jr’s "I Have a Dream" speech was delivered.
This photograph shows SNCC members training to respond to the physical dangers of their work. The photographer, James Karales, was a photojournalist originally from Ohio who worked for Look magazine and shot many key events in the Civil Rights Movement.
James Karales (1930-2002), Passive Resistance Training, SNCC, gelatin silver print, 1960, ©2002 Monica Karales
The Carter offers a new program, Crafting from the Collection, this evening from 6:00 to 7:00 p.m. Associate Registrar Jana Hill (one of the many creative artisans on our staff and a regular contributor to the Carter's blog) will lead a stimulating evening of dialogue and inspiration amidst great examples of American art. Who knows where the evening will lead you!
Last spring, the Carter was awarded a $50,000 grant from the National Endowment for the Arts to catalog and digitize the entire works on paper collection, which is comprised of over 7000 drawings, watercolors, and prints of all kinds. We are well into the project now, and ready to start sharing some of the great stuff that we’ve been working with all year.
I’m kicking off this series of blog posts with a group of some of the oldest prints in the Carter’s collection. You’ll notice that these are unusually whimsical images, most likely drawn by Europeans who had not seen the American bison (or his friend, the deer) in person.
Johann Rudolf Holzhalb (Swiss, 1723-1806), Americanischer Aur-Ochs. Bos Bison, etching, ca. 1790
Unknown artist, The American Bison. The Cape Buffalo., engraving with applied watercolor, 1799
Bramati and Raineri, [Bison], aquatint and etching with applied watercolor, ca. 1753-1825
So this buffalo looks pretty normal, but check out that deer's antlers!
Unknown artist, Lopez Yucati and the Bison. (North America), lithograph with applied watercolor, ca. 1830-1860
Unknown artist, Buffle., lithograph with applied watercolor, ca. 1820-1850
Isn’t the Internet great? There is so much good information at your fingertips and, sadly, so much bad information too. The Teaching Resource Center offers an online tool that helps you find classroom-worthy content. Look for grade level appropriate Web links on the Teaching Resource Center's del.icio.us bookmark page. Here at the Carter we talk about a wide variety of subjects and this is reflected in the tags used to describe the selected Web sites. Look for Highly Recommended and TRC-Materials-Available tags for Web pages that directly support art on the walls and ongoing conversations in the galleries.
Check out these helpful links for classroom activities in February ”¦
This small digital collection from the libraries of the University of South Carolina features newsreels of African Americans selected from the period of 1919 to 1963 when "Fox News and Fox Movietone News camera crews covered the people and events of the country and, indeed, the world." Some of the clips include the third anniversary of Tuskegee Army Airfield, Josephine Baker in the Netherlands, and Jack Johnson's Jazz Band.
Examples by African-American artists of writing, music, and art during the 1920s and 1930s are well represented in the vast collections of the Library of Congress. This guide presents the Library's resources as well as links to external Web sites.
This site offers thematically categorized selection of images from the New York Public Library and the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture. Topics covered range from the Civil War to Social Life and Customs.
Geoge Bellows, Sixteen East Gay Street, Lithograph, ca. 1923-924
Did you know that the artist known as the father of American landscape painting was born in England? Born in the industrial center of Bolton-le-Moors in 1801, Thomas Cole immigrated to America in 1818. His masterpiece The Hunter’s Return (1845) visually demonstrates the principles of landscape painting he put forth in his artist manifesto “Essay on American Scenery” penned just nine years earlier.
Cole challenged his fellow artists to look around their own backyard and capture the unique beauty of the United States, rather than the European scenes and styles he felt many American artists were then using. He believed that American landscapes should include five crucial elements: wildness, mountains, water, forests, and sky. Can you find them all in The Hunter’s Return?
Besides championing a uniquely American style, Cole also was forward thinking in terms of the environment. After describing the beauty of the American landscape, toward the end of his Essay he remarked
Yet I cannot but express my sorrow that the beauty of such landscapes are quickly passing away---the ravages of the axe are daily increasing---the most noble scenes are made desolate, and oftentimes with a wantonness and barbarism scarcely credible in a civilized nation. The wayside is becoming shadeless, and another generation will behold spots, now rife with beauty, desecrated by what is called improvement; which, as yet, generally destroys Nature’s beauty without substituting that of Art. This is a regret rather than a complaint; such is the road society has to travel; it may lead to refinement in the end, but the traveller who sees the place of rest close at hand, dislikes the road that has so many unnecessary windings.
Look again at The Hunter’s Return. What visual evidence do you think Cole has included to express his concern about westward movement?
Over 150 years later, American artists are still grappling with how the environment is changing. Next time that you’re at the Carter, make sure to visit Cole’s work and tip your hat to this American painting pioneer!
Our Photo of the Week is drawn from the Carter’s collection of over 100 works by 19th century photographer Carleton Watkins. This albumen silver print, Commencement of the Whitney Glacier, Summit of Mt. Shasta, is currently on loan to the Turtle Bay Exploration Park in Redding, California, for their exhibition The Art of Mount Shasta.
Carleton Watkins (1829-1916), Commencement of the Whitney Glacier, Summit of Mt. Shasta, 1870, albumen silver print ca. 1876
The Whitney Glacier is one of seven glaciers found on Mount Shasta, which is located in northern California near the Oregon border. While 90% of the world’s glacier’s are shrinking, the Whitney Glacier is of special interest today because it is one of very few glaciers in the world actually growing as a result of global warming. Apparently warming of the Pacific Ocean has caused increased snowfall in northern California, accounting for 30% growth of the Whitney Glacier in the past 50 years.
Commencement of the Whitney Glacier, Summit of Mt. Shasta is on view at Turtle Bay Exploration Park through May 3, 2010.
I saw the city bus decorated with the Carter's painting, Wrapped Oranges again this morning on my way to work. I snapped a quick shot of it with my phone as it came through the Camp Bowie/Montgomery intersection right by the museum:
We had many friends–old and new–visit our museum in 2009. Almost 20,000 students had a conversation about great American art in our galleries; about 6,500 visitors stopped by for a docent-led tour of our permanent collection or a visiting exhibition; and over 2,500 visitors enjoyed our five Family Fundays.
We welcomed many a virtual visitor too! Our distance learning program reached over 15,000 students. We now have over 700 Facebook fans, and 2,700 folks follow the museum on Twitter. Our Web site gets hundreds of thousands of hits each year.
All in all, we were busy, and now we’re working on making next year even better. Join us here in Fort Worth or online as the Carter Gets Modern in 2010.
Yasuo Kuniyoshi (1889–1953), Milking the Cow, 1922, lithograph
Happy New Year!
Last year the education department introduced over 19,000 students to the Carter’s permanent collection through our school tours program. The Gallery Teachers use an inquiry-based style of teaching which often includes asking students for their initial observations when discussing a specific work of art. One of our favorite paintings to use with student groups is by Georgia O’Keeffe.
We’ve found that the easiest and best way to approach this work of art with students is simply by asking them “What do you think this is?” or “What are you looking at?” We have compiled a list of the most interesting, most creative, and funniest responses below.
Sacks of flour
A bunch of pillows
Brown grocery bags
Couch cushion forts
The back of a picture frame
A sand castle
George Washington’s teeth
A trashcan with a garbage bag coming out of it
Now, it’s your turn”¦what do you see when you look at this painting?
Georgia O’Keeffe, Ranchos Church, New Mexico, 1930/31, oil on canvas, ©Amon Carter Museum.