Open-range ranching was seasonal, like agricultural work. Mirroring the seasons, there were four phases to the cowboy’s back-breaking work: the spring roundup, the trail drive, the fall roundup, and winter tasks.

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Erwin E. Smith (1886–1947)
A Lonely Fence Rider, ED Ranch, near Crowell, Texas, 1906
Nitrate negative
Amon Carter Museum, Fort Worth, Texas
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