The Cow

Techniques of livestock herding came to the Americas from Spain. Vaqueros herded livestock, such as cows, goats, and sheep, on horseback in Mexico beginning in the 1500s. Called “longhorns” by settlers from the East, cattle adapted to the land of the southwest and multiplied in large numbers. After the Civil War, it was estimated that more than eight million longhorns were on the Texas range.

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Erwin E. Smith (1886–1947)
An "outlaw" longhorn steer about to be released after being "stretched" for doctoring. OR Range, Arizona, 1909
Gelatin dry plate negative
Amon Carter Museum, Fort Worth, Texas
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